All around us, at home, play and at work we are surrounded by bio hazards. It is how we handle them that determine the extent of damage that these hazards can cause. The measures we take mitigate the risk we are exposed to or increase the risk.

Disposal of biological waste is important very important for the general public health and the health of people around your homestead.


The pets that we domesticate are biological hazards if not well cared for. The animals may harbor diseases and thus will always need to be cared for to prevent them from being vectors of zoonotic diseases (These are animal diseases that affect man). For instance dogs should be vaccinated against rabies to prevent them from being vectors for rabies. Cats also bear some diseases like bartonellis, a bacterial disease.

The pets like cats that sit on the chair and sleep in the beds can leave their fur that causing allergy. Fleas that they may also bear may be biohazards.

The droppings of all pets are serious biohazards and should be handled carefully. The fecal matters of dogs and cats potentially have warms and can easily be transmitted from the pet to a human host. A proper way to dispose the fecal waste of the pets should be established.

Pets also get sick and die, their diseases sometimes can be infectious to man. If you have taken your pet for care and it dies. Find a proper way to dispose the body of your pet to avoid spread of the disease.

blood chemist

Animals and insects that live within homes

There are some animals that live around homes yet they are not domesticated. They are always potential vectors for disease. Rats that may live close to our houses can carry fleas that can spread typhus cockroaches that may live in our cupboards and furniture are also likely to shed proteins that may be initiate allergic reactions in some individuals.

Personal effects

Shaving razors are and other sharp equipment is dangerous to share, they could possibly have blood droplets from the previous shave. Tooth brushes are also personal effects where people can share bacterial plaque causing gum diseases. Thus they should be stored carefully and properly disposed when time to throw them away comes.

Sick people

Most diseases that occur around us like common cold are communicable diseases. Thus our sick family members are biological hazards around us. Therefore it is important to take good care of people who are unwell and encourage them to enforce hygiene to prevent the spread of the diseases in question. They should be encouraged to see a doctor as soon as possible.

In cases of outbreaks, and warnings by CDC, suspicion of the illness in question should be reported for appropriate action. In case of disease outbreak, contact

We should also handle injuries of our friends with care. Any fluid from the body of another person is potentially contaminated and should be handled with care to avoid getting infected.


The diapers the children we have at home are potential biohazards. They could possibly be contaminated with fecal matter that possibly have warms. It is therefore important to dispose them well to avoid spreading the warms in the household.

Disposal of dippers should be done carefully to avoid transmission of the warms that are potentially in the fecal matter of children.

fish can transmit disease


Food that we have in our houses can also be bio hazards. Depending on different people, some food can cause allergies that may even be fatal. Some people are reactive to eggs, peanuts, and meat products. Cross contamination of any other food with the food that a person is allergic to results in serious allergic reactions.

Animal products are also high risk food that can contaminate plant foods. They are more dangerous with plant food that is eaten raw. For instance, keeping fruits near animal product can lead to spreading of warms; goat meat could lead to spread of brucellosis. Therefore care must always be taken when food is being stored to prevent cross contamination and spread of animal disease.

Food can go stale in the house, stale food become poisonous and contaminate other food in the storage place. It can also be smelly and disturbing in smell, disposal of these stale foods must be taken care of properly to avoid transmission of diseases.